Our review article, "Mummification in Korea and China: Mawangdui, Song, Ming and Joseon Dynasty Mummies" is published in Biomed Research International.
Over the decades, mummy studies have expanded to reconstruct a multifaceted knowledge about the ancient populations’ living conditions, pathologies, and possible cause of death in different spatiotemporal contexts. Mainly due to linguistic barriers, however, the international knowledge of East Asian mummies has remained sketchy until recently. We thus analyse and summarize the outcomes of the studies so far performed in Korea and China in order to provide mummy experts with little-known data on East Asian mummies. In this report, similarities and differences in the mummification processes and funerary rituals in Korea and China are highlighted. Although the historical periods, the region of excavation, and the structures of the graves differ, the cultural aspects, the mechanisms of mummification, and biological evidence appear to be essentially similar to each other. Independently from the way they are called locally, the Korean and Chinese mummies belong to the same group with a shared cultural background.
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Date: May 23-24, 2019 Venue: Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju Island, South Korea Organizing Committee: Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University) Myeung Ju Kim (Dankook University) Yuryang Jang (MND Agency for KIA Recovery & Identification) Eun Jin Woo (Sejong University) Scientific Committee: Soong Deok Lee (Seoul National University) Sunyoung Pak (Seoul National University) Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University) Hisashi Fujita (Niigata College of Nursing) Shinji Harihara (The University of Tokyo) Toshiyuki Tsurumoto (Nagasaki University) ▶ May 23, 2019 15:30 ~ 17:00 Korea-Japan Paleopathology Forum 2019 This forum was held in conjunction with The Annual Meeting of Korean Association of Physical Anthropologists 2019.
Our paper, " Ancient mitochondrial DNA analysis of avian bones collected from the 4th century pit burial found in South Korea " is published in Archaeological Research in Asia. Pheasant is a bird commonly interred in the ancient graves of Korea. The avian bones collected during excavation are sometimes too small to be used for morphological species identification. Since ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis becomes widely used nowadays for molecular diagnosis, we carried out aDNA research on the 4th century avian femurs (K-14 and K-15) for which the species could not be confirmed by conventional zooarchaeological technique. In this study, we revealed that the mitotypes of the current ancient specimens were almost identical to those of modern genus Phasianus DNAs reported in NCBI/GenBank, re-confirming the usefulness of the genetic analysis on genus Phasianus bones when the species identification of the ancient avian bones found at archaeological sites is in a dispute.