[Presentation] Study on Piquete Mummy Project in Mummy Congress-.



The Scientific Committee of the Extraordinary World Congress on Mummy Studies (Tenerife Auditorium, Canary Islands; 05/21/18 - 05/25/18) has assessed our abstract proposal ‘Introducing the “Piquete Mummy Project”: the case of Rosa Paula Laborda’ and it has been approved with no changes. I am happy to join in this presentation as co-author.

Citation: Bianucci, Raffaella & Gonzalez, Mercedes & Maria Begerock, Anna & Jardiel, Antonio & Morris, Brean & Reinhard, Karl & Perciaccante, Antonio & Warriner, Christina & Hong, Jong Ha & Do Seon, Lim & Shin, Dong Hoon & D. Loynes, Robert. (2018). Introducing the “Piquete Mummy Project”: the case of Rosa Paula Laborda.

Title: Introducing the “Piquete Mummy Project”: the case of Rosa Paula Laborda

Authors: Raffaella Bianucci1-3, Mercedes Gonzalez4, Anna Maria Begerock4, Antonio Jardiel5, Breane Morris6, Karl Reinhard6, Antonio Perciaccante7, Christina Warriner8, Jong Ha Hong9, Do Seon Lim10, Dong Hoon Shin9, Robert D. Loynes11

Affiliations: 1Legal Medicine Section, Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, University of Turin, Italy; raffaella.bianucci@unito.it
2Medical School, Microbiology and Infection Unit, The University of Warwick, United Kingdom.
3UMR 7268, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.
4Institute for the Scientific Study in Mummies (IECIM). Madrid, Spain; mgonzalez.iecim@gmail.com; abegerock.iecim@gmail.com
5Cultural and Patrimonial area of Town Council of Quinto; antoniojardiel@hotmail.es
6School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, United States of America; kreinhard1@mac.com; breanemorris2@gmail.com
7Department of Medicine, San Giovanni di Dio Hospital, Gorizia, Italy. antonioperciaccante@libero.it
8Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany; warinner@shh.mpg.de
9Department of Anatomy/Institute of Forensic Science
Seoul National University College of Medicine, Chongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea; E-mail: cuteminjae@gmail.com; archaev@gmail.com
10 Dept. of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, Seongnam-si, South Korea; E-mail: idsun@eulji.ac.kr
11KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, United Kingdom; robert.loynes@manchester.ac.uk

Key-words: Spanish natural mummies, Quinto de Zaragoza, conservation, imaging, pathologies.

Abstract
During the restoration works (2011) of the church of the Assumption of Our Lady- known as “The Piquete”- in the village of Quinto (Zaragoza, Spain), the remains of 70 individuals were uncovered. Among the 70 individuals, thirty-two were natural mummies dated between the late 18th and mid-19th century. All social classes- ranging from peasants to high rank clerics- are represented.
The project is aimed at identifying the living conditions, pathologies and cause of death of a cross-section of an 18th to 19th century Spanish population. Here we report on the case of an early middle-aged female (ID PQ44) whose state of preservation and nutritional status were investigated. Thanks to the documented sources, her name, age, marital status, social status and place of residence were reconstructed. Radiology showed that she had a loaded colon at the time of death, possibly reflecting a chronic condition of constipation. A wealthy woman, Rosa Paula Laborda attended Los Baños de Quinto to "take the waters" known to cure various abdominal ailments including chronic constipation. The application of a gauze containing ointments to her abdomen possibly indicates that she suffered from abdominal pain, which did not settle.
She died suddenly on February 25, 1804 at the age of 35 while she was “taking the waters”; the cause was recorded as "flux de sangre" (hemorrhage). Pregnancy, fibroids, malignancy and other chronic gynecological conditions were excluded. One possible scenario is that she developed septic shock from peritonitis as the result of an unresolved visceral rupture. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) could have caused her to bleed. Metagenomics performed on coprolites, rectal and vaginal swabs is being performed to gain further insight into her intestinal microbiome and possible secondary septicemic death.



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