Dong Hoon Shin MD, PhD, MS. Lab of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Department of Anatomy/Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103 Daehak-ro (Yongon-dong), Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea. E-mail: email@example.com(DH Shin); TEL: +82-2-740-8203
Invited to 2017 Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology
I was invited to "The 2017 Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology" (20-25 August 2017 in Groningen, the Netherlands) as a speaker.
[S2] The spread and evolution of ancient infectious diseases
The Scientific Studies on Ancient Parasite Infection of East Asia by Microscopic and Genetic Researches
Dong Hoon Shin
Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea
Only about 100 years ago, parasite disease was one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. The recent development of paleo-parasitology using archaeological samples can provide a wealth of information, making a scientific basis for understanding of ancient parasitism in history. Although East Asia is a region with a long history, the academic tradition of the research on the ancient parasitism was very weak. In recent years, however, interdisciplinary studies successfully revealed how the people of the area were affected by parasite infection in the past; and further analyzed even the ancient parasite genes. Actually, through the microscopic examinations of the mummy coprolites, we estimated the infection prevalence of each parasite spp. in pre-modern East Asia. More interestingly, using the ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis, we also got the genetic information of the ancient parasites prevalent in this area. To date, we sequenced Ascaris, Trichuris, Clonorchis, and Paragonimus aDNA; and by the analysis of the accumulated genetic information, we gained scientific evidences for understanding the genetic traits of ancient parasites in the historical East Asia. By the approaches, we know how the pre-modern parasitism in here differs from now and how their genetic characteristics have changed over the years.
Korean Association of Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology (S Korea) and Japanese Association of Paleopathology will hold the Korea-Japan Paleopathology Forum on October, 2017.
Venue: Tokyo (University of Tokyo)
1. Eun Jin Woo, Hyunwoo Jung, Sunyoung Pak (Yonsei University College of Dentstry): Paleopathological study of a probablecase of treponematosis in a Joseon dynasty population.
2. Hiroshi Iijima, Shinji Harihara, Hitoshi Sumi, Kageyasu Takanashi, Yumi Ueda, Hata Junpei, Yohei Ishizawa, Lim Chun Ren, Ryo Matoba: DNA extaraction from ancient cremated bones using non-powdering sample pre-treatment method.
3. Jong Ha Hong, Chang Seok Oh, Min Seo, Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University): DNA Sequences of 18s rRNA and ITS2 genes obtained from ancient Trichuris trichiura eggs remained in Joseon Dynasty mummy coprolites.
4. Manabu Uetsuki: Horses in medieval Japan: paleopathological evidence of various usage.
5. Chang Seok Oh, Jong Ha Hong, Hye…
National Geographic News: Ancient Indus Valley Civilization Cemetery Unearthed in India
Our study of Rakhigarhi site, India is reported by National Geographic News. Excerpt:
February 21, 2018 - Archaeologists unearthed skeletons and pottery in an ancient cemetery near Haryana, India. The burial ground is believed to have belonged to the Indus Valley civilization, a Bronze Age civilization that once spanned an area greater than ancient Egypt. The site is located at Rakhigarhi, one of the largest cities of the Indus civilization. 46 partial and complete skeletons were found—some buried on beds of pottery, possibly denoting high-ranking members of the society. Researchers are hoping to DNA test the remains to confirm their origin-.
My lab performed excavation in Rakhigarhi/India for Feb 19 to Mar 8 (Hong JH); Mar 4 to Mar 13 (Shin DH), 2016. The excavation is supported by National Geographic Foundation.
The Camp site in Rakhigarhi
About the project this time for Rakhigarhi is as follows:
1. For many anthropologists worldwide, nothing is more important than the inhabitants of the Harappan (Indus Valley) civilization. In fact, there have been a number of spirited debates on the IVC. Some have contended that it might have been part of Harappan society, while others have disputed that. In previous investigations, researchers were unable to draw any definitive conclusions on the question of the in situ continuity of the Harappan people’s biological traits. Meanwhile, the health and disease status of the Harrapan people also has long attracted anthropologists’ interest. For the time being, the Harappan people, in their biological and anthropological aspects, remain shrouded in mystery.
2. The Rakhigarhi site, the…