Dong Hoon Shin MD, PhD, MS. Lab of Bioanthropology, Paleopathology and History of Diseases, Department of Anatomy/Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103 Daehak-ro (Yongon-dong), Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea. E-mail: email@example.com(DH Shin); TEL: +82-2-740-8203; FAX: +82-2-745-9528
Invited Speaker: The 2017 Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology
I am invited to
The 2017 Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology
(20-25 August 2017 in Groningen, the Netherlands)
[S2] The spread and evolution of ancient infectious diseases
The Scientific Studies on Ancient Parasite Infection of East Asia by Microscopic and Genetic Researches
Dong Hoon Shin
Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea
Only about 100 years ago, parasite disease was one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. The recent development of paleo-parasitology using archaeological samples can provide a wealth of information, making a scientific basis for understanding of ancient parasitism in history. Although East Asia is a region with a long history, the academic tradition of the research on the ancient parasitism was very weak. In recent years, however, interdisciplinary studies successfully revealed how the people of the area were affected by parasite infection in the past; and further analyzed even the ancient parasite genes. Actually, through the microscopic examinations of the mummy coprolites, we estimated the infection prevalence of each parasite spp. in pre-modern East Asia. More interestingly, using the ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis, we also got the genetic information of the ancient parasites prevalent in this area. To date, we sequenced Ascaris, Trichuris, Clonorchis, and Paragonimus aDNA; and by the analysis of the accumulated genetic information, we gained scientific evidences for understanding the genetic traits of ancient parasites in the historical East Asia. By the approaches, we know how the pre-modern parasitism in here differs from now and how their genetic characteristics have changed over the years.
My lab performed excavation in Rakhigarhi/India for Feb 19 to Mar 8 (Hong JH); Mar 4 to Mar 13 (Shin DH), 2016. The excavation is supported by National Geographic Foundation.
The Camp site in Rakhigarhi
About the project this time for Rakhigarhi is as follows:
1. For many anthropologists worldwide, nothing is more important than the inhabitants of the Harappan (Indus Valley) civilization. In fact, there have been a number of spirited debates on the IVC. Some have contended that it might have been part of Harappan society, while others have disputed that. In previous investigations, researchers were unable to draw any definitive conclusions on the question of the in situ continuity of the Harappan people’s biological traits. Meanwhile, the health and disease status of the Harrapan people also has long attracted anthropologists’ interest. For the time being, the Harappan people, in their biological and anthropological aspects, remain shrouded in mystery.
2. The Rakhigarhi site, the…
"Partnering with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and paleoparasitologists from the Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea, scientists from the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute will now try to capture and study the parasite eggs that once existed in the stomachs of those buried during the Harappan era, and ultimately isolate the DNA of their host,...."
"This exercise is part of the fresh excavations that will start in Rakhigarhi from January 12 under the direction of Vasant Shinde, senior archaeologist and vice chancellor/director at the Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute. Some of these archaeologists have already reached ground zero and will begin excavation at 'mound number 4'-- the biggest and the tallest of the seven mounds here......."
"The team of Korean scientists will reach Rakhigarhi on January 25 to begin…