Friday, September 23, 2016

Annual Meeting of Korean Association of Anatomists


Date: Oct 19-21, 2016
Venue: Yangyang, South Korea

http://www.anatomy.re.kr/conference/info01.html

>>Abstracts of My Lab

(1) The genetic analysis on ancient Ascaris discovered from archaeological sites in South Korea.

Chang Seok Oh1, Jong Ha Hong1, Min Seo2, Dong Hoon Shin1

1Department of Anatomy, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
2Department of Parasitology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea

In paleoparasitological study, the genetic research on ancient Ascaris found in archaeological samples is very useful for physical anthropologists to elucidate the ancient-to-modern secular changes in parasitic infection pattern. However, the data on ancient Ascaris obtained up to now were too insufficient to reconstruct comprehensive evolutionary history of Ascaris spp. In this regard, we tried to get in much information on the genetic traits of ancient Ascaris by molecular studies on the archaeological samples. We analyzed Ascaris ancient DNA with various multiple genetic markers, obtaining consensus sequences of each ancient Ascaris gene, and further performing phylogenetic analyses on them. Our study clearly showed that the genetic characteristics of ancient Ascaris spp. prevalent in ancient Korea was not uniform but was diverse to a certain degree. Genetic analyses on ancient Ascaris also represented that they could be helpful in molecular diagnosis of ancient Ascaris infection. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIP) (NRF-2016R1A2B4015669).

Keywords: Paleoparasitology, Ascaris, ancient DNA, Phylogenetic analysis, Korea



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(2) Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Bos taurus bones collected from Cheonggyecheon Archaeological site of Joseon Period

Jong Ha Hong a, Chang Seok Oh a, Chi Wook Cho b, Young Moon Shin c, Tae-sup Cho d, Dong Hoon Shin a, *

a Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
b Seoul Museum of History, South Korea
c Seoul City Wall Division, Seoul Metropolitan Government, South Korea
d Department of History, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea

Although genetic information of Bos taurus has been successfully elucidated by a number of studies, there were very few researches on the ancient DNA of the cattle, especially made upon the historical cases that were raised in South Korea. In this study, we tried to analyze the mitochondrial DNA D-loop and coding region sequences of 15th century cattle bone obtained from Cheonggyecheon ruins of Joseon period. The consensus sequence was determined by the alignment of individual clone sequences. Consensus mitotype of the Cheonggyecheon cattle was 16138C, 106C, 109C, 221+C, 587+C, 2536A, 9682C, 13310C (Haplogroup=T3a). Comparing the current result with the sequences available in GenBank, Cheonggyecheon cattle mtDNA was similar to modern Bos taurus raised in South Korea, Japan, China (of northern provinces) and a few even in Europe, America and Oceania. Phylogenetic analysis also revealed that Cheonggyecheon B. taurus was genetically different from the cattle raised in and around Southern Chinese provinces. Although more studies on aDNA are still needed for enriching our genetic knowledge about the history of genus Bos, this report can be an important stepping stone for our future studies on the cattle of historical societies in East Asia.



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(3) The first report of the anthropological research project on Zeleny Yar mummies in Russian Federation

Sergey Mikhailovich Slepchenko1,2,3, Alexander Vasilyevich Gusev4, Evgenia Olegovna Svyatova5, Jong Ha Hong6, and Dong Hoon Shin6

(1) Institute of the Problems of the Northern Development, Tyumen; (2) Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk, (3) Tyumen Scientific Center, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tyumen, Russia; (4) Archeology Department, SPI YaNAO, Arctic Research Center, Salekhard, Russia; (5) Institution of Culture of Sverdlovsk Region, Ekaterinburg, Russia; (6) Dept. of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Archaeologists have excavated the Zelyeny Yar archaeological site in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomus Okrug for the past several years. While they investigated two medieval necropolises, dated 9th to 13th centuries, seventy-two burials with a number of 12th to 13th century aboriginal Siberian mummies have been discovered. Although these mummies are very important to understand the physical and pathological traits of the Siberian people in history, scientific studies were not performed sufficiently on them by for now. In this regard, we, the Russian and South Korean researchers agreed to make collaborative studies on the Siberian aboriginal mummies. In the forthcoming years, our research will be mainly focused on a full and detailed anthropological picture about the pre-modern Siberian people, using various techniques such as archaeological, anatomical, histological, paleoparasitological, ancient DNA, stable isotope analysis, and craniofacial reconstruction. In fact, this is the first report of our long-term studies on invaluable 12th to 13th century Siberian Zeleny Yar mummies. Correspondences for this project: Sergey Mikhailovich Slepchenko (s_slepchenko@list.ru) of Russian Federation or Dong Hoon Shin (cuteminjae@gmail.com) of South Korea.


Friday, September 9, 2016

New Executive Members of Korean Academy of Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology (KAPO):

박순영 서울대 인류학 회장
이숭덕 서울대 법의학 부회장
김명주 단국대 해부학 부회장
신동훈 서울대 해부학 감사
김이석 이화여대 해부학 재무
신경진 연세대 법의학 상임위원
김재현 동아대 고고미술사학 상임위원
서민 단국대 기생충 상임위원
이원준 국립과학수사연구원 상임위원
차순철 동국문화재연구원 상임위원
장유량 국방부유해발굴감식단 상임위원
우은진 연세대 치과대학 총무

한국고병리연구회 임원이 위와 같이 위촉되었습니다. 

임기: 2016년 1월 - 2018년 1월

Thursday, September 8, 2016

Summary of International Collaboration between India and South Korea

I am deeply indebted to Dr. Vasant Shinde’ efforts for making the collaboration much fruitful.
2010: Nov: Dr. Shinde visited us by Prominent International Scholar Invitation Program
2011: Feb: Oh CS visited archaeological sites in India; Nov: Shin DH and Oh CS attended at ICTS Mini Workshop “Future of the Past” at Mangalore.
2012: Jan: Shin DH visited multiple archaeological sites of Harappan civilization; July: Dr. Shinde visited South Korea, for examining the megalith culture of the country; Oct: Oh CS visited Deccan College, Pune. Setting up the archaeological science lab under Dr. Shinde’s care.
2013: Feb: Shin DH visited Deccan College, Pune. Doing experiment in Dr. Shinde’s lab; July: Ms. Astha Dibyopama visited Seoul National University. She did experiment in my lab for 3 weeks; Nov: Dr. Shinde visited South Korea. Signing MOU with Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University; and with Research Centre of Dolmens in Northeast Asia, South Korea; Dec: Hong JH visited India for attending at Annual Conference 2013-Indian Archaeological Society.
2014: Feb: Shin DH visited Rakhigarhi site. Doing excavation at the site; Attending at SOSAA meeting at Raipur as invited special lecturer.
2015: Feb: Hong JH visited Rakhigarhi site. Doing excavation at the site; July: Woo EJ visited Deccan College. Making anthropological examinations on the bones from Rakhigarhi site; Dec: Dr. Vijay Sathe was invited to Seoul National University by Prominent International Scholar Invitation Program .
2016: Jan: Shin DH visited India to attend at ASTRA meeting at Pune. Making a Keynote Speech; Feb: Our Rakhigarhi project started to be supported by National Geographic Society; Feb to Mar: Shin DH and Hong JH joined in the excavation at Rakhigarhi site; June: Dr. Shinde visited South Korea. He visited multiple museums and institutions. Making an official meeting with director of Cultural Heritage Administration; Aug: Woo EJ visited Deccan College. Examination of skeletons from Rakhigarhi site; Aug: Certification was issued to faculties and students joining in the excavation at Rakhigashi site.
And currently Dr. 차순철 (Soon Chul Cha) is visiting India, for his academic trip of Buddhist cave monuments.

Thursday, September 1, 2016

WAC8: Our Session on Paleopathology in Asia

Dr. Eun Jin Woo (Yonsei University)

Dr. Lanka Ranaweera (University of Kelaniya)

Dr. Hisashi Fujita (Niigata College of Nursing) and I 

Dr. Aiko Saso 

Dr. Yumiko Oyabu (Doigahama Site Anthropological Museum)

Dr. Helen Cho (Davidson College, US)

Chair the session T10-O

My presentation on Paleoradiology in S Korea

Dr. Shiori Yonemoto (Kyushu University)