Saturday, April 30, 2016

New Media Coverage on Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology of My Lab

My lab work about paleopathology is introduced in a Korean newspaper.

고인류학 연구에서는 기생충도 빼놓을 수 없다. 인류의 역사가 곧 기생충의 역사이기 때문이다. 기생충의 알은 시간이 지나도 껍데기가 사람의 뼈에 남아 있는 경우가 많다. 신동훈 교수는 단국대 의대 서민 교수와 함께 기생충 연구를 통해 조선시대 사람들이 채소 재배에 인분을 사용하면서 기생충에 반복적으로 감염됐다는 연구 결과를 발표했다. 신 교수는 "한국과 일본에서는 17세기 무렵에 급격히 대도시 인구밀도가 높아졌는데, 이들의 식량 공급을 위해서 인분을 사용해 수확량을 높이는 것이 가장 효율적이었다"면서 "그 결과 기생충이 인분을 통해 배출됐다가 다시 채소를 통해 사람에게 감염되는 경로가 고착됐다"고 말했다.

한국에서만 발견된 기생충을 통해 과거 기생충의 이동을 엿본 연구도 있다. 1988년 전 세계에서 처음으로 발견된 참굴큰입흡충은 당시 조사 결과 전남 신안 지역의 사람들에게서만 나타났다. 하지만 2006년 경남 하동에서 발견된 조선시대 여성의 미라, 2011년 충남 삽교에서 발견된 조선시대 남성의 미라에서 잇따라 참굴큰입흡충의 알이 발견됐다. 조선시대에 이들이 전남 신안까지 가서 굴을 먹고 왔을 가능성보다는 참굴큰입흡충이 그 당시에 여러 곳에서 번성했다는 가설이 유력하다.

◇뼈만으로 생전 얼굴 복원

현재 우리가 보는 이순신 장군, 논개 등의 모습은 화가가 상상한 결과물이다. 하지만 조만간 뼈만 있다면 과거의 인물을 실제 모습처럼 보게 될 날도 머지 않았다. 서울대 의대 해부학교실 이원준 박사는 3D 프로그램을 이용해 뼈나 미라에서 생전 모습을 복원하고 있다. 이 박사는 2007년 강릉에서 발견된 조선시대 최경선 미라의 머리뼈 사진을 받아 복원을 진행했다. 미라 사진은 보지 않았다.

컴퓨터 시뮬레이션을 이용해 눈과 귀, 코의 위치를 정밀하게 측정하고 뼈에 근육과 피부를 붙여 나갔다. 근육과 피부의 형태나 두께는 한국인 평균으로 구했다. 복원된 얼굴을 원래의 미라처럼 입을 벌린 상태로 바꿨다. 여기서 수분이 빠져나간 상태로 변형시킨 뒤 실제 미라와 비교하자 90%가 넘는 일치도를 보였다. 일종의 블라인드 테스트를 통과한 것이다. 이 박사는 "과거 인물의 실제 모습을 알 수 있고, 실종된 사람의 신원 등을 확인하는 기술로도 활용할 수 있다"고 말했다.

[출처] 본 기사는 조선닷컴에서 작성된 기사 입니다






두개골로 얼굴까지 복원, 강릉 미라… 서울대 의대 이원준 박사가 강릉에서 발견된 최경선 미라의 얼굴을 복원한 과정. 실제 미라를 보지 않은 상태에서 두개골 사진만을 토대로 3D 프로그램을 이용해 미라와 90% 이상 일치하는 얼굴을 만들어 낸다.

Friday, April 22, 2016

Tuberculosis case reported from Korean mummy

The study on the tuberculosis case first-ever identified from Korean mummies was reported in Yonhap News Agency. 


서울대의대 해부학과 신동훈 교수팀은 조선시대 무덤에서 발굴한 중년 여성의 미라에서 결핵을 의심할 수 있는 증거를 발견했다고 24일 밝혔다. 이번 연구결과는 국제학술지인 대한의학회지(JKMS) 최근호에 게재됐다.

결핵은 기침, 호흡곤란, 가슴 통증 등의 증상을 나타내는 감염질환으로 후진국병에 속하지만, 우리나라에서는 매년 3만여명의 환자가 발생하고 있다. 연구팀은 미라의 전신을 전산화단층촬영(CT)으로 영상화했다. 이를 통해 오른쪽 허파에서 6개의 석회화된 결절(혹)과 폐를 둘러싼 가슴막(늑막) 2개가 붙어버리는 '가슴막유착'을 확인했다. 결핵의 대표적인 증상으로 알려진 폐결절과 가슴막유착은 미라를 부검했을 때 육안으로도 확인됐다고 연구팀은 설명했다.

연구팀은 미라의 결핵감염 여부를 보다 정확하게 추정하기 위해 폐결절의 크기, 방사선투과 정도, 위치 등에 대한 분석을 진행하고 결핵 이외의 주요 폐질환을 배제하는 작업을 진행했다. 연구팀은 이를 통해 미라에서 나타난 폐결절과 가슴막 유착이 결핵에 의한 것으로 추정했다. 다만, 연구팀은 조선시대 미라가 결핵이 추정됐다고 해서 조선시대에 결핵이 유행했다고 볼 수는 없다고 선을 그었다. 연구팀은 "결핵을 위생상태가 불량하거나 영양부족, 스트레스 등으로 면역력이 약해졌을 때 걸리기 때문에 개인에 따른 차이가 크다"며 "이번에 발굴된 미라가 결핵에 걸렸다고 해도 조선시대에 결핵이 창궐했다고 추정할 수는 없다"고 설명했다. 이어 "이번 연구는 현재와 과거, 미래를 관통하는 질병을 고고학과 의학의 협동연구 과정을 통해 확인했다는데 의미가 있다"며 "앞으로 유사한 경우에 얻어진 폐결절 등에 대한 유전학적 연구를 추가로 수행할 예정"이라고 말했다.

Thursday, April 21, 2016

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Ancient Egyptian Mummies

I joined in the international collaboration on the Ancient Egyptian Mummies (Please see below).

The work will be presented in 64th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics (June 5-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas)

Prathiba Ravishankar, Dylan Xavier, Fallen Teoh, David Handler, Mads Foged, Mehdi Mirzaei, Dong Hoon Shin, Rafaella Bianucci, Jana Jones, Paul A. Haynes

Title
Proteomics and Ancient History - Identification of proteins from skin and muscle tissue from Ancient Egyptian mummies

Introduction
Identification of proteins from ancient tissue samples is challenging and problematic due to degradation over time, and issues of sample provenance. We aimed to perform a proof-of-concept study on a series of eight skin and muscle tissue samples collected from ancient Egyptian mummies, mainly of the First Intermediate Period (c. 2181-2055 BCE). The scarcity of the samples, and the logistic difficulties in acquiring them, meant that there was not sufficient material available to optimise sample preparation and perform trial experiments.  Our goal was to show that we could identify proteins from material this old, and in this condition. Any information this reveals about how these people may have lived and died is very valuable in archaeological and historical terms.

Methods
Small samples of skin and muscle were collected, with permission, from mummies housed in the collections of the Egyptian, Museum in Turin, Italy. Samples were rehydrated in SDS Page sample buffer, and homogenised using high-speed agitation. Extracted proteins were visualised using coomassie blue staining. Triplicate gel lanes containing protein were exercised into 16 fractions, and in gel digested with trypsin. Resulting peptides were separated by reversed-phase nano flow HPLC, then measured and fragmented using a Thermo Q Exactive mass spectrometer. Data files were searched against human protein sequences using a combination of Xtandem and Proteome Discoverer software.

Preliminary data
In contrast to most shot gun proteomics experiments, the issue in this work is not managing mountains of data. The proteins in the tissue samples are thoroughly degraded, as evidenced by the extensive smearing present when visualising SDS page gels. This is confirmed by the low number of peptides and proteins identified in the samples. We are typically looking at less than 50 proteins reproducibly identified, whereas a similar analysis of more recent human skin samples reproducibly identifies hundreds of proteins.
Preliminary analysis of the first few samples has shown that we can easily identify numerous keratins and a large number of collagens, as expected. This ties in well with microscopic analysis of similar samples obtained from the same mummies, which clearly showed the presence of collagen fibres still intact. The perhaps more interesting feature of our data so far is that we have also identified five proteins which are all consistent with the presence of inflammation in the tissues. This suggests that this person may have suffered from chronic inflammatory condition before they died. This is exactly the type of clue which we were hoping to find when we initiated this study.
We will present details of all the proteomics analyses we have performed on this set of tissue samples. Analysing a larger number of samples will allow us to focus on what is common between them, and also what stands out as being unique to individual samples. We will also discuss this information in the context of other analyses which are ongoing on samples from the same mummies, which includes histological and microscopic examinations.

Novel aspect
Using proteomics to uncover clues about life and death in ancient Egypt.


Frankish Queen Arnegundis

My morphological research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis will be podium-presented by my friend Dr. Raffaella Bianucci :

EMBALMED OR NOT EMBALMED? NEW SET OF ANALYSES ON THE FRANKISH QUEEN ARNEGUNDIS

Bianucci R. 1,2, Heron C. 3, Lim D.S.4, Kay G.L.5, Pallen M.J.5, Gallien V.6,7, Périn P. 8, Shin D.H. 9 and A. Lanzirotti10
1Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. E-mail: raffaella.bianucci@unito.it ; 2UMR 7268, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.3School of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford, West Yorshire, BD7 1D, United Kingdom.4 Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, South Korea.5Division of Microbiology and Infection, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. 6INRAP, Centre Archéologique, Le Mans, France.7UMR 7264, Cultures et Environnements. Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen Age. CEPAM, CNRS-UNS, Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, France.8 Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF), Paris, France.9 Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.10 The University of Chicago, Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, , Argonne, Chicago, IL, USA.

at International Conference on Comparative Mummy Studies
Apr 6 - Apr 9, 2016, Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Germany

The Frankish Queen Argonde case was reported in Discovery News.

Mummified Lung Tissue Tested in Archaeology Magazine

Mystery of Mummified Lung Solved in Live Science

Friday, April 15, 2016

Newly Invited to Editorial Board

I am invited to the Editorial Board member of newly launched official journal of Japanese Society of Paleopathology.

Thursday, April 14, 2016

Host-parasite relationships and diseases: lessons from the past

I am glad that my symposium "Host-parasite relationships and diseases: lessons from the past" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Raffaella Bianucci, Karl Reinhard, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Many of the parasitic diseases that plagued ancient human populations continue to burden contemporary societies across the globe, and are far from being eradicated. Paleoparasitology is aimed at improving our understanding of the history of parasites and parasite population diversity over time, as well as the natural and anthropogenic conditions that contribute to parasite emergence and maintenance in human groups. Having contributed to shape the dynamics of modern human populations, the study of the extinct populations coupled with the one of extant populations will allow reconstructing the temporal distribution patterns of both the parasites and their hosts. Indirectly, host-parasite relationships glean from the archaeological record also provide information on climate conditions, paleodiet and cultural/mortuary practices. Adauto Araújo participated in these studies. At the time of his death, he began participating in projects that would broaden the field. This symposium summarizes the field and Adauto’s participation, including papers addressing new perspectives.

SYMPOSIASTS:
Kelly M Harkins
Shênia PC Novo
Alena Iniguez
Elisa Pucu
Karl Reinhard
Chang Seok Oh

THE ABSTRACT OF MY LAB:

Current Trends of Paleoparasitology in Korean Mummy Studies

Chang Seok Oh, Min Seo, Ho Chul Ki, Jong-Yil Chai, and Dong Hoon Shin

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab; Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea; Department of Parasitology, Dankook University, Chonan, South Korea

Paleoparasitology reveals the prevalence of each parasite infection of the past, by examination on the samples from archaeological sites. Especially as for coprolites obtained from Korean mummy, as its preservation status was quite good for parasitological analysis, invaluable information about the parasitism in history could be accumulated. Briefly, microscopic examination confirmed the presence of parasite eggs in Korean mummy’s coprolites, by which we estimate the infection prevalence of specific parasitism among pre-modern Korean people. Using ancient DNA technique, we can reconstruct each parasite’s phylogenetic trees from a historical perspective. The sociocultural background of the parasitism in pre-modern Korean society was also studied lately. By intense collaboration with historians who know much about what was going on the health and disease status in pre-modern society, we tried to make a hypothesis about the presumptive route of ancient parasite infection in Korea, especially on Ascaris, Trichuris, Clonorchis, Metagonimus, Paragonimus, and Taenia spp. By such interdisciplinary collaboration between different research fields, we can get invaluable academic clues for comprehending ancient parasitism in pre-modern Korean history.

Mummies and textiles

I am glad that my symposium "Mummies and textiles" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Jana Jones, Dong Hoon Shin, James M Vreeland

ABSTRACTS:
Mummies discovered worldwide become one of the most invaluable resources for studying on health and disease status of human populations in different time and space perspectives. Using the mummies and relating samples, invaluable information could be obtained successfully, by a variety of scientific techniques. However, they are not only the subject we could talk about mummies. Rather, very unique remains could be acquired from the sites where mummies have been discovered. Of them, it is the ancient textiles that get the most attention. In fact, different kinds of textiles used for clothing, ornament or simple patches could be collected from mummies discovered in the world. By studying on them, we can get very crucial clue for reconstructing textile history in each country, very helpful to comprehend the vivid aspects of human lives before 20th century. Although there were a number of fascinating reports about the mummy-relating textiles from every corner of the world, the comprehensive review on the findings has not been presented yet.

SYMPOSIASTS:

Cinzia Oliva, Cadot Laure, Boano Rosa, Borla Matilde A lady from Deir el-Medina (west bank of Thebes-Egypt): case study of a multidisciplinary conservation program

Carter Lupton, Jonathan Elias & Sabina Malgora Good Things in Small Packages: Differential Inclusions and Cloth Replicas in Egyptian Mummies

Gioconda Arabel Fernández López Género, estatus social y poder vistos a través de los tejidos del fardo de la Señora de Cao

Ann Peters Reconstructing mortuary traditions at the Necropolis of Wari Kayan in early Nasca times: Established ritual and new practices

Dong Hoon Shin & Mi Kyung Song Joseon Textiles from Korean Mummies

James M Vreeland Jr. Textiles associated with Peruvian prehispanic mummy bundles from the Central Coastal area

Jana Jones, SA Buckley, TPG Higham, D. chivall, R. Bianucci, F. Ugliani, RJ Oldfield, GL Kay, M Pallen Ritual, religios, function. Multi-disciplinary analysis of funerary wrappings of Egyptian mummies from the prehistoric period, c 4300-3300 BC

Lena Bjerregaard The textiles of the mummy bundles in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin

Lidija M. McKnight ‘Re-rolling’ a mummy: an experimental spectacle

Milosz Giersz, Patrycja Giersz-Przadka, Wieslaw Wieckowski, Krzysztof Makowski Wari imperial funerary customs and rituals: prehispanic necropolis at Castillo de Huarmey

Patricia Landa Cragg

Roberta Cortopassi Two Byzantine Period mummies from Egypt in French museums

THE ABSTRACT OF MY LAB:

Joseon Textiles from Korean Mummies

Mi Kyung Song and Dong Hoon Shin

Department of Clothing Science, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea; Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea

Mummies from the Joseon Dynasty (AD 1392-1910) are an invaluable subject for scientific studies on the health and diseases of pre-modern Korean people. However, for the past several decades textile investigation has also become an important part of mummy studies in South Korea, as both clothing and mummies are discovered simultaneously in the same Joseon tombs. Whenever archaeologists examined the Korean mummies, they discovered perfectly preserved, magnificent centuries-old textiles and garments. Since the first archaeological report on the clothing from the Joseon tomb discovered in 1964, the resultant documentation has grown into one of the most impressive academic collections in the cultural heritage of South Korea. Removal of the clothing was undertaken under strict, sterile laboratory conditions and each step documented since 2006. By studying these cases, scholars can trace detailed changes in the fashion of Joseon clothing that otherwise might not have been revealed to modern observers. Based upon the acquired data, the clothing currently displayed in museums and institutes could be repaired successfully and maintained meticulously. In this paper, we will present a scholarly reconstruction of a vivid glimpse into the lives and funerary rites of the Joseon Dynasty elite, based on examination of the academic works of the textile historians.

From autopsy to diagnostic imaging and metagenomics: guidelines


I am glad that my symposium "From autopsy to diagnostic imaging and metagenomics: guidelines" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Frank Ruehli, Raffaella Bianucci, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Bioethical guidelines in mummy research imposed scholars to avoid unnecessary damages to ancient people corpses. Therefore, in the past two decades, mummy professionals resorted mainly to the use of non-invasive techniques; these enable to verify the state of preservation of the internal cavities, without harming the bodily integrity, and to propose a series of differential diagnoses. Despite the undeniable advantages, also non-invasive techniques have their drawbacks. CT imaging does not always allow one to perform a clear differentiation between mummified organs, particularly when these are seriously deformed and dislocated by dehydration. Dehydrated organs display similarities in radio-densities, which, in turn, may lead to misdiagnosis. To mitigate possible biases in the interpretation of paleo-radiological findings, guided endoscopy has been associated to CT imaging. Although some successful studies were reported, due to the narrow visual field of the endoscope, often organs still cannot be visualized at the desired extent. In the clinical field, the correct interpretation of CT images has been achieved throughout a continuous comparison process with the data emerged from repeated post-factum dissection, histological investigations included. Cumulative results from traditional autopsies performed on mummies from all areas of the globe should be reconsidered as a positive contribution to the field as they will help to prove the authenticity of diagnosis obtained through CT acquired data. Today, medical data acquired from both invasive and non-invasive techniques greatly benefit from the input given by paleogenetics. Recent advances in metagenomics, either performed on inner organ biopsies, teeth or dental calculus are constantly improving our knowledge on the antiquity and microevolution of human past diseases. Finally, guidelines on how and when to perform different diagnostic approaches on ancient mummies are lacking and are desperately needed.

SYMPOSIASTS:
Robert Loynes
Dario Piombino-Mascal
Sahar Saleem
Abigail Bouwman
Roger Seiler
Niels Lynnerup
Frank Ruehli
Stephanie Zesch
Kim MJ, Yoo DS and Shin DH

THE ABSTRACT OF MY LAB:

Invasive technique in accumulation of knowledge for a better non-invasive studies on mummies

Myeung Ju Kim, Dong Soo Yoo, and Dong Hoon Shin

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Scholars in South Korea, like those in the other countries, always care about the minimal damage to mummies while studying on them by various scientific methods. To reduce such   destructions, non-invasive technique has been applied to the mummies as a top priority of examinations. Radiological technique becomes a main research tool for any of mummy studies around the world, for seeing the preservations status of their internal organs and getting any clues for medical diagnosis.
Although the academic importance of non-invasive technique for mummy studies is unquestionable nowadays, however, it still has many drawbacks because this method (for instance CT image analysis), even when employed by highly experienced radiologists, cannot clearly distinguish each mummified organ that was seriously distorted and dislocated by dehydration. Actuallyas as our Aufderheide pointed out, such modern CT technique developed for diagnosing living patients could not be easily used for mummy studies.
At this point, we note that in clinical fields, the correct reading of CT images is firmly based on the accumulated scientific data, comparing repeated post-factum autopsy with its counterpart CT diagnosis. This means that even the mummy autopsy, despite its drawbacks, might be indispensable for concerned researchers, at least under a due consideration of ethics, circumstances and consensus about the need of such studies. As the cumulative results of such invasive study on mummies in fact guarantee more accurate CT readings for them in the future, autopsy of mummies, for making our invaluable non-invasive techniques much authentic,  must be considered much positively than before.

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

Ancient bodies: the interplay between ancient culture, spiritual beliefs and mummification


My symposium "Ancient bodies: the interplay between ancient culture, spiritual beliefs and mummification" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZER:
Raffaella Bianucci, Despina Moissidou, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Mummification implies the intention to preserve the dead’s features. Scholars have extensively focused their attention on the environmental conditions and embalming practices- that allowed the process of mummification to occur- and to the study of the ancient pathological conditions and life habits. A broad scientific knowledge has been acquired. On the other hand, the interplay between past populations- witnessed by their mummified bodies- and their afterlife world has been less investigated. Apart from the Egyptian civilisation that has received much attention over the past 200 years, the cultural contexts and the spiritual needs of past populations to maintain their ancestors’ identities have been investigated to a lesser extent. Mummy experts from different regions of the world are called to reconstruct the cultural/spiritual background of past populations introducing us into their lost worlds through the analysis of the corpses they left behind. Contact points and divergences in the cult of dead across the world will be pinpointed and the results of the seminar will be summarised in a report, the scope of which scope is to help scientists gain awareness of their own actions in the scientific field.

SYMPOSIASTS:
Iwona Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin
Jane A. Hill
Dario Piombino-Mascali
Alterauge Amelie
Guido Lombardi
Niels Lynnerup
Kathleen Day
Shin DH, Song MK and Ki HC

THE ABSTRACT OF MY LAB: 

A Neo-Confucian Concept for World after Death and Accidental Mummification in East Asia

Dong Hoon Shin, Mi Kyung Song and Ho Chul Ki

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea (cuteminjae@gmail.com; hochulki@naver.com) Department of Clothing Science, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea (strling@naver.com)

Studies on Joseon mummies have provided researchers with invaluable scientific data about Korean people and society in history. In fact, amazingly well preserved mummies became one of the best subjects from which we could obtain the information of health and disease status of Joseon people. However, as for the exact mechanism of mummification, Joseon mummy is quite different from the other naturally or artificially mummified ones.  Rather, Korean mummies are formed by unique sociocultural factor: the formation of Joseon tombs with lime-soil mixture barrier.
Recent reports about mummies in China, those of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, might also be of similar origin from cultural perspective. Constructing the tombs in accordance with neo-confucianist axioms might have been the socio-cultural background of mummification commonly shared by Korea and China in history. Actually, the people of both countries did not hope to make their ancestors mummified at all. Constructing the lime-soil mixture barrier around the coffin was to protect the infiltration of insects, plant roots or robbery into the tombs. However, unexpectedly enough, their ancestors were mummified in the tombs by so far unknown mechanism and thus discovered by archaeologists after several hundred years of burial. Natural mummification affected by sociocultural factor: this was the possible cause of mummification observed accidently in some of the pre-modern tombs of East Asian countries. 

Monday, April 11, 2016

NGS Professional Grantee Lecture


I will present NGS Professional Grantee Lecture in
Young Explorer Grant Seminar of National Geographic Foundation in Asia.

15:00 – 15:30
Registration and coffee/tea
15:40 – 15:45
Introduction
15:45 – 15:55
Introduction on National Geographic
16:55 – 16:15
NGS Professional Grantee Lecture by Dong Hoon Shin
16:15 – 16:30
Introduction on Young Explorer Grants Program
16:30 – 16:40
Break and coffee/tea
16:40 – 17:00
NGS Speaker - YEG Grantee Noori Choi
17:00 – 17:20
NGS Speaker - YEG Grantee Amael Borzee
17:20 – 17:50
Question & Answer session
17:50 - 18:00
Wrap up

Date:
May 23, 2016

Venue:
Shinsegae Building Room B101, Ewha Womans University

Saturday, April 9, 2016

Supporting the Joint Project on Megalith Culture

Before the megalith in India 

My lab will support the Joint Project on "Revealing the Similarities and Differences of Megalith Culture in Korea and India" led by Kanti Pawar (Deccan College/India) and Soon Chul Cha (Dongguk Institute of Cultural Properties/South Korea). During the project, we will summarize the previous reports on human and animal bones from megalith culture sites of both countries, and will perform scientific studies when the organic materials would be collected from the sites. 

Below is the research abstract of the Joint Project. 

Megaliths and Megalithism are world phenomenon existed in the different time period and cultural epoch. They are evidenced in different parts of the world but their architecture, cultural associations and chronology differ. In Europe the Megalithism are associated with the Neolithic period whereas in South Asia it has been associated with the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age respectively.
Bewildering types of the megaliths burials have been found in the Indian subcontinent and the Asian country like Korea. The Indian Megalithic burials and monuments generally belong to the Iron Age and are largely sepulchral in character. Main concentrations of these megalithic graves and habitation sites have been found in Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (especially Vidarbha) regions of Central & Peninsular India. There are various theories have been propounded by different scholars about the origin and chronology of these megalithic monuments but often it has been seen that those theories have been vaguely described in absence of substantial evidences. Also it is very interesting to note that certain burial types have been prevalent in specific geographical territory.
As the megalith culture shows very similar pattern to those of Korean peninsula, we admit that information collected from megalith culture of India and Korea can throw light on the various unsolved issues of megalithic culture of both countries. The current project have been outlined with the following aims and objectives:

1) Both the countries have certain dominant megalithic burial types. We try to find the similarities and differences between the burial cultures of two countries, providing important information to the archaeologists of both countries.

2) To achieve this purpose, the scholars of both countries will join in this project.

3) First, the scholars of both countries will try to collect the previously obtained archaeological information about megalith culture in both countries, having exchanged the information to understand the counterpart’s megalith trends.

4) Second, based on the information, the scholars of both countries will visit the megalith sites of the counterpart country (Indian scholar will visit Korean sites; Korean scholar will visit Indian sites), collecting the fundamental archaeological information of megalith trends in both countries.

5) Based on the data of the first and second tasks, scholars of both countries will discuss about the similarities and differences of megalith culture of India and Korea, making the basis for future plan about revealing further the origins of megalith traditions from the perspective of Eurasian continent.

6) Besides the archaeological aspects, bioarchaeological aspects will be also considered in our collaborative works on megalith culture in Korea and India.
In fact, it is essential to study and investigate the origin, existence and spread of the certain megalithic burial types in Korea and India. 

Monday, April 4, 2016

Research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis



My morphological research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis will be podium-presented by my friend Dr. Raffaella Bianucci :

PODIUM PRESENTATION

EMBALMED OR NOT EMBALMED? NEW SET OF ANALYSES ON THE FRANKISH QUEEN ARNEGUNDIS

Bianucci R. 1,2, Heron C. 3, Lim D.S.4, Kay G.L.5, Pallen M.J.5, Gallien V.6,7, Périn P. 8, Shin D.H. 9 and A. Lanzirotti10

1Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. E-mail: raffaella.bianucci@unito.it ; 2UMR 7268, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.3School of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford, West Yorshire, BD7 1D, United Kingdom.4 Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, South Korea.5Division of Microbiology and Infection, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. 6INRAP, Centre Archéologique, Le Mans, France.7UMR 7264, Cultures et Environnements. Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen Age. CEPAM, CNRS-UNS, Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, France.8 Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF), Paris, France.9 Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.10 The University of Chicago, Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, , Argonne, Chicago, IL, USA.

at International Conference on Comparative Mummy Studies
Apr 6 - Apr 9, 2016, Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Germany

Friday, April 1, 2016

My lab woks committed to the popular books


The studies of my lab was committed to the popular books about parasitism in S Korea and Joseon tombs in archaeological sites of this country. The past achievements of my lab were summarized briefly in the books.