Thursday, March 31, 2016

Ongoing Lecture: Advanced Anatomy of the Nervous System

First Semester/2016; for Graduate Students; 801.511; Credit: 3



Wednesday, March 30, 2016

MOU made with Institute for Problems of the Development of the North/SB RAS/Russia



Memorandum of Understanding for International Collaboration on
Research of Ancient Archaeological Remains was made between

Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Problems of the Development of the North, Tyumen, Siberia, Russia

and

Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103 Daehak-ro (Yongon-dong), Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea (South Korea).

IPDN SB RAS and Institute of Forensic Science/SNU recognize that the mutual collaboration in research related to the development in archaeological and forensic sciences will bring benefits to academic affairs of both sides. As the human and animal remains obtained from both countries still remained to be more studied in depth, we hereby intend to pursue international collaboration in research, supporting the development of techniques and skills in the fields of areas as mutually agreed.

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Study on Korean mummy introduced in radiology.bayer.com


The study on Korean mummies in my lab is reported in radiology.bayer.com.
The story talks about the scientific and cultural significance of Korean mummy studies. Dr. Katja Flieger, the MD-journalist in Germany reports it.

Monday, March 21, 2016

Papers presented in WAC8, Kyoto

For abstracts were submitted to World Archaeology Congress-8 (Aug 28-Aug 2, Kyoto).

Major author' name is bold-typed; Presenter's name is underlined.  

Radiological Techniques for an Effective Paleopathological Studies in South Korea

Hyejin Lee, Dong Su Yoo, Chang Seok Oh, Jong Ha Hong, Dong Hoon Shin

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Ministry of National Defense Agency KIA Recovery & Identification, Seoul, South Korea
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Chonan, South Korea

Over the past several years, to obtain the clues for more comprehensive understanding of the biological aspects of pre-modern Korean people in history, radiological technique has been applied to the ancient human remains obtained from the archaeological sites in the country. In fact, though radiology becomes well-established technique for a correct diagnosis of pathological signs still remained in ancient human samples, it has not been proved authentic even by for now, due to insufficient data accumulated for the correct interpretation of the results. To overcome this technical limitation, the radiological data of the pre-modern human samples from South Korea have been analyzed herewith, showing invaluable information that could be used helpfully for improving the accuracy of our future X-ray or CT readings on them. This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2013R1A1A2009688).
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Harappan Burial Sites in India: Recent Research Trends

Dong Hoon Shin, Astha Dibyopama, Vasant Shinde, and Nilesh P. Jadhav

1Department of Archaeology, Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute, India
2Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University, Korea

Harappan civilization flourished mainly in northwestern province of Indian subcontinent, roughly between 4000 to 1500 BCE. There are about more than fifty burial sites of the Harappa Civilization discovered so far. Among them, Lothal, Kalibangan, Rupar, Rakhigarhi, Farmana etc. are major sites yielding the remains of Harappan burial. Until the early 1980’s, the study of human skeletons was primarily focused to answer specific questions pertaining to establishing the ethnic or racial identity of the concerned population. Recently, however, more efforts are made to study the diet, health and DNA of Harappan population, assuming a new aspect of research trends on this. The aim of present paper is to show how the scientific methods applied to Harappan burials are used for the complete reconstruction of Harappan civilization and its people. Queries about this poster might be sent to A. Dibyopama(astha2sep@gmail.com), the major author of this study. 

Key words – Harappan Civilization, Burial sites, Human skeletal remains, Diet, Genetics
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Studies on Ancient Parasite DNA from Archeologically Obtained Human Coprolites 

Chang Seok Oh, Min Seo, and Dong Hoon Shin

1Department of Anatomy, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-Dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea
2Anthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-Dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea
3Department of Parasitology, Dankook University College of Medicine, San 29, Anseo-Dong, Chonan 330-714, Republic of Korea

For the past several years, our paleoparasitological studies showed successfully that ancient parasite eggs could be detected from archaeologically obtained human coprolites. PCR-based aDNA analysis further revealed invaluable genetic information on the ancient parasite species. Actually, we were successful in extracting and sequencing Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, and Paragonimus westermani aDNA. Although our studies served to confirm the academic significance of combining PCR-based molecular data with microscopic findings on ancient parasite eggs, we also admit that such analysis will have to be extended into much deeper levels of inquiry and details like bioinformatics. By such studies focusing on phylogenetics of ancient parasites over wider geographical and temporal ranges, we can broaden our knowledge about genetic history of specific parasite species. Any queries about our studies may be sent to Chang Seok Oh (oxman@snu.ac.kr) or Dong Hoon Shin (drdoogi@snu.ac.kr). This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2013R1A1A2009688).
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Ancient Megalithic Culture in Vidarbha Region of Central India

Dong Hoon Shin, Kantikumar A. Pawar, Yongjun Kim,

Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune, India-06
Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

In India, the megalith tradition is associated with Early Iron Age culture mainly found in the Central and Southern parts of the subcontinent. Actually, as the megalithic culture was not only confined to Indian subcontinent, but it is also shared by the other Asian countries, there have been heated debates about whether such a cultural similarity was caused by direct people migration or simple cultural influences between them. In this study, to provide the academic clues for thought, we try to introduce the dolmens and associated material culture in Vidarbha region of India, one of the most unique in ancient architectural features of the country. By this presentation, we show that interdisciplinary collaboration between archaeological, historical and scientific researches might become very significant in forthcoming days, for a complete understanding of cultural interactions and/or people migration between the megalith cultures in different Asian countries. Queries about this poster might be sent to the major author, K. Pawar(kantipawar@gmail.com).

Keywords: migration, cultural influence, megaliths, Hirapur, dolmens

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Excavation in Rakhigarhi on March

My lab performed excavation in Rakhigarhi/India for Feb 19 to Mar 8 (Hong JH); Mar 4 to Mar 13 (Shin DH), 2016. The excavation is supported by National Geographic Foundation.

The Camp site in Rakhigarhi



About the project this time for Rakhigarhi is as follows:

1. For many anthropologists worldwide, nothing is more important than the inhabitants of the Harappan (Indus Valley) civilization. In fact, there have been a number of spirited debates on the IVC. Some have contended that it might have been part of Harappan society, while others have disputed that. In previous investigations, researchers were unable to draw any definitive conclusions on the question of the in situ continuity of the Harappan people’s biological traits. Meanwhile, the health and disease status of the Harrapan people also has long attracted anthropologists’ interest. For the time being, the Harappan people, in their biological and anthropological aspects, remain shrouded in mystery.  

2. The Rakhigarhi site, the ancient ruins at which are much larger and older than those in any IVC cities, is located in the Indian state of Haryana. It is situated near the site of the Ghaggar-Hakra River, which is believed to have dried up by 2000 BC. Indian archaeologists believe that Rakhigarhi represents all of the IVC’s phases, Early, Mature and Late. Although the previous findings on Rakhigarhi, including a wide road, granary and brick-lined drain, show it to have been well-planned and consistent with other IVC sites, it remains, for the most part, incompletely excavated. Now though, after long-term preliminary investigations, additional Rakhigarhi sites have begun to be excavated by Deccan College. One of the most important discoveries thus far is a Mature-Harappan-period cemetery. In our preliminary excavations of some of the many graves (date-estimated to 4,500 BP) therein, we have identified a number of human skeletons. More excavations currently are scheduled for this cemetery.

3. As anthropology specialists, our team has participated in the Rakhigarhi excavations from the outset. As regards our plans for the relevant human remains, they will be collected via a procedure specifically designed to minimize contamination by modern DNA. They will then be moved to and maintained at Deccan College. Subsequent anthropological analyses will proceed as follows: 1) gross anthropological study (determination of sex and age, identification of any pathological signs in bones, forensic investigation for race determination, etc.); 2) paleoparasitological study (analysis of soil sediments on hipbones, determination of any presence of parasite eggs, drawing of tentative conclusions on parasitic infection of Harappan people); 3) aDNA mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal, autosomal and stable-isotope analyses (obtainment of information on maternal and paternal lineages); 4) first-ever facial reconstruction of approximately 4,500-year-old Harappan person, a member of  one of the greatest civilizations in human history (based on DNA and forensic data obtained in this study). It is anticipated that by the proposed research and the various advanced techniques entailed, a full and very detailed biological and anthropological picture of the Harappan people will be obtained.     

Saturday, March 19, 2016

2016 신경해부학특강(801.511) 수업계획표

일시: 매주 금요일 오후 4- 7(강의 12회 및 실습 3)
장소: 해부학교실 회의실
책임교수: 신동훈 (740-8203); 이지연 (740-8205)
담당조교: 오창석 (740-8193)
성적: 출석-20, 과제-20, 기말고사-40, 학습태도-20
 
1: 3/11: Orientation 이지연
2: 3/18: Warming Up - 1 (강의) 신동훈
3: 4/1: Warming Up - 2 (강의) 신동훈
4: 4/8: Warming Up - 3 (강의) / 실습 제1일 신동훈
5: 4/15: Limbic system / Basal ganglion/ Topology of Cerebral Hemisphere / 실습 제 2일 신동훈
6: 4/22: Histology of Nervous System / 실습 제 3/ 리포트제출 신동훈
7: 5/6: Brain Stem 이지연
8: 5/13: Cranial Nerves / Reticular Formation 신동훈
9: 5/27: Cerebellum 이지연
10: 6/10: Fundamentals of Clinical Neuroanatomy: 이지연
11: 6/24: Embryology of Nervous System: 이지연
12: 시험

Friday, March 18, 2016

2016학년도 서울의대 학부 및 대학원 참여 강의

2016학년도 학부 및 대학원 강의

서울대학교 의과대학

책임강의:
대학원_고병리학연구의 최신지견 (연건) 801.2607
대학원_신경해부학특강 (연건) 801.511

참여강의:
대학원_신경과학의 원리 (관악) 3391.507
대학원_해부학연구법 (연건) 801.520
학부_인체해부학 (연건) M1923.004500
학부_기초신경과학 (연건) M1923.005200
학부_호흡기학 (연건) 801.214A

New Publication