Before the megalith in India
My lab will support the Joint Project on "Revealing the Similarities and Differences of Megalith Culture in Korea and India" led by Kanti Pawar (Deccan College/India) and Soon Chul Cha (Dongguk Institute of Cultural Properties/South Korea). During the project, we will summarize the previous reports on human and animal bones from megalith culture sites of both countries, and will perform scientific studies when the organic materials would be collected from the sites.
Below is the research abstract of the Joint Project.
Megaliths and Megalithism are world phenomenon existed in the different time period and cultural epoch. They are evidenced in different parts of the world but their architecture, cultural associations and chronology differ. In Europe the Megalithism are associated with the Neolithic period whereas in South Asia it has been associated with the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age respectively.
Bewildering types of the megaliths burials have been found in the Indian subcontinent and the Asian country like Korea. The Indian Megalithic burials and monuments generally belong to the Iron Age and are largely sepulchral in character. Main concentrations of these megalithic graves and habitation sites have been found in Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (especially Vidarbha) regions of Central & Peninsular India. There are various theories have been propounded by different scholars about the origin and chronology of these megalithic monuments but often it has been seen that those theories have been vaguely described in absence of substantial evidences. Also it is very interesting to note that certain burial types have been prevalent in specific geographical territory.
As the megalith culture shows very similar pattern to those of Korean peninsula, we admit that information collected from megalith culture of India and Korea can throw light on the various unsolved issues of megalithic culture of both countries. The current project have been outlined with the following aims and objectives:
1) Both the countries have certain dominant megalithic burial types. We try to find the similarities and differences between the burial cultures of two countries, providing important information to the archaeologists of both countries.
2) To achieve this purpose, the scholars of both countries will join in this project.
3) First, the scholars of both countries will try to collect the previously obtained archaeological information about megalith culture in both countries, having exchanged the information to understand the counterpart’s megalith trends.
4) Second, based on the information, the scholars of both countries will visit the megalith sites of the counterpart country (Indian scholar will visit Korean sites; Korean scholar will visit Indian sites), collecting the fundamental archaeological information of megalith trends in both countries.
5) Based on the data of the first and second tasks, scholars of both countries will discuss about the similarities and differences of megalith culture of India and Korea, making the basis for future plan about revealing further the origins of megalith traditions from the perspective of Eurasian continent.
6) Besides the archaeological aspects, bioarchaeological aspects will be also considered in our collaborative works on megalith culture in Korea and India.
In fact, it is essential to study and investigate the origin, existence and spread of the certain megalithic burial types in Korea and India.