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Showing posts from April, 2016

New Media Coverage on Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology of My Lab

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My lab work about paleopathology is introduced in a Korean newspaper.

고인류학 연구에서는 기생충도 빼놓을 수 없다. 인류의 역사가 곧 기생충의 역사이기 때문이다. 기생충의 알은 시간이 지나도 껍데기가 사람의 뼈에 남아 있는 경우가 많다. 신동훈 교수는 단국대 의대 서민 교수와 함께 기생충 연구를 통해 조선시대 사람들이 채소 재배에 인분을 사용하면서 기생충에 반복적으로 감염됐다는 연구 결과를 발표했다. 신 교수는 "한국과 일본에서는 17세기 무렵에 급격히 대도시 인구밀도가 높아졌는데, 이들의 식량 공급을 위해서 인분을 사용해 수확량을 높이는 것이 가장 효율적이었다"면서 "그 결과 기생충이 인분을 통해 배출됐다가 다시 채소를 통해 사람에게 감염되는 경로가 고착됐다"고 말했다.

한국에서만 발견된 기생충을 통해 과거 기생충의 이동을 엿본 연구도 있다. 1988년 전 세계에서 처음으로 발견된 참굴큰입흡충은 당시 조사 결과 전남 신안 지역의 사람들에게서만 나타났다. 하지만 2006년 경남 하동에서 발견된 조선시대 여성의 미라, 2011년 충남 삽교에서 발견된 조선시대 남성의 미라에서 잇따라 참굴큰입흡충의 알이 발견됐다. 조선시대에 이들이 전남 신안까지 가서 굴을 먹고 왔을 가능성보다는 참굴큰입흡충이 그 당시에 여러 곳에서 번성했다는 가설이 유력하다.

◇뼈만으로 생전 얼굴 복원

현재 우리가 보는 이순신 장군, 논개 등의 모습은 화가가 상상한 결과물이다. 하지만 조만간 뼈만 있다면 과거의 인물을 실제 모습처럼 보게 될 날도 머지 않았다. 서울대 의대 해부학교실 이원준 박사는 3D 프로그램을 이용해 뼈나 미라에서 생전 모습을 복원하고 있다. 이 박사는 2007년 강릉에서 발견된 조선시대 최경선 미라의 머리뼈 사진을 받아 복원을 진행했다. 미라 사진은 보지 않았다.

컴퓨터 시뮬레이션을 이용해 눈과 귀, 코의 위치를 정밀하게 측정하고 뼈에 근육과 피부를 붙여 나갔다. 근육과 피부의 형태나…

Spring Picnic, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology-.

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Tuberculosis case reported from Korean mummy

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The study on the tuberculosis case first-ever identified from Korean mummies was reported in Yonhap News Agency. 


서울대의대 해부학과 신동훈 교수팀은 조선시대 무덤에서 발굴한 중년 여성의 미라에서 결핵을 의심할 수 있는 증거를 발견했다고 24일 밝혔다. 이번 연구결과는 국제학술지인 대한의학회지(JKMS) 최근호에 게재됐다.

결핵은 기침, 호흡곤란, 가슴 통증 등의 증상을 나타내는 감염질환으로 후진국병에 속하지만, 우리나라에서는 매년 3만여명의 환자가 발생하고 있다. 연구팀은 미라의 전신을 전산화단층촬영(CT)으로 영상화했다. 이를 통해 오른쪽 허파에서 6개의 석회화된 결절(혹)과 폐를 둘러싼 가슴막(늑막) 2개가 붙어버리는 '가슴막유착'을 확인했다. 결핵의 대표적인 증상으로 알려진 폐결절과 가슴막유착은 미라를 부검했을 때 육안으로도 확인됐다고 연구팀은 설명했다.

연구팀은 미라의 결핵감염 여부를 보다 정확하게 추정하기 위해 폐결절의 크기, 방사선투과 정도, 위치 등에 대한 분석을 진행하고 결핵 이외의 주요 폐질환을 배제하는 작업을 진행했다. 연구팀은 이를 통해 미라에서 나타난 폐결절과 가슴막 유착이 결핵에 의한 것으로 추정했다. 다만, 연구팀은 조선시대 미라가 결핵이 추정됐다고 해서 조선시대에 결핵이 유행했다고 볼 수는 없다고 선을 그었다. 연구팀은 "결핵을 위생상태가 불량하거나 영양부족, 스트레스 등으로 면역력이 약해졌을 때 걸리기 때문에 개인에 따른 차이가 크다"며 "이번에 발굴된 미라가 결핵에 걸렸다고 해도 조선시대에 결핵이 창궐했다고 추정할 수는 없다"고 설명했다. 이어 "이번 연구는 현재와 과거, 미래를 관통하는 질병을 고고학과 의학의 협동연구 과정을 통해 확인했다는데 의미가 있다"며 "앞으로 유사한 경우에 얻어진 폐결절 등에 대한 유전학적 연구를 추가로 수행할 예정"이라고 말했…

Salekhard Mummy

Salekhard Mummy .... Siberian Times

Word Cloud for My Lab Publications in 2015

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Ancient Egyptian Mummies

I joined in the international collaboration on the Ancient Egyptian Mummies (Please see below).

The work will be presented in64th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics (June 5-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas)

Prathiba Ravishankar, Dylan Xavier, Fallen Teoh, David Handler, Mads Foged, Mehdi Mirzaei, Dong Hoon Shin, Rafaella Bianucci, Jana Jones, Paul A. Haynes

Title
Proteomics and Ancient History - Identification of proteins from skin and muscle tissue from Ancient Egyptian mummies

Introduction
Identification of proteins from ancient tissue samples is challenging and problematic due to degradation over time, and issues of sample provenance. We aimed to perform a proof-of-concept study on a series of eight skin and muscle tissue samples collected from ancient Egyptian mummies, mainly of the First Intermediate Period (c. 2181-2055 BCE). The scarcity of the samples, and the logistic difficulties in acquiring them, meant that there was not sufficient material available to opt…

Frankish Queen Arnegundis

My morphological research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis will be podium-presented by my friend Dr. Raffaella Bianucci :

EMBALMED OR NOT EMBALMED? NEW SET OF ANALYSES ON THE FRANKISH QUEEN ARNEGUNDIS

Bianucci R. 1,2, Heron C. 3, Lim D.S.4, Kay G.L.5, Pallen M.J.5, Gallien V.6,7, Périn P. 8, Shin D.H. 9 and A. Lanzirotti10
1Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. E-mail: raffaella.bianucci@unito.it ; 2UMR 7268, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.3School of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford, West Yorshire, BD7 1D, United Kingdom.4 Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, South Korea.5Division of Microbiology and Infection, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. 6INRAP, Centre Archéologique, Le Mans, France.7UMR 7264, Cultures …

New Paper

Newly Invited to Editorial Board

I am invited to the Editorial Board member of newly launched official journal of Japanese Society of Paleopathology.

Host-parasite relationships and diseases: lessons from the past

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I am glad that my symposium "Host-parasite relationships and diseases: lessons from the past" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Raffaella Bianucci, Karl Reinhard, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Many of the parasitic diseases that plagued ancient human populations continue to burden contemporary societies across the globe, and are far from being eradicated. Paleoparasitology is aimed at improving our understanding of the history of parasites and parasite population diversity over time, as well as the natural and anthropogenic conditions that contribute to parasite emergence and maintenance in human groups. Having contributed to shape the dynamics of modern human populations, the study of the extinct populations coupled with the one of extant populations will allow reconstructing the temporal distribution patterns of both the parasites and their hosts. Indirectly, host-parasite relationships glean from the archaeological re…

Mummies and textiles

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I am glad that my symposium "Mummies and textiles" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Jana Jones, Dong Hoon Shin, James M Vreeland

ABSTRACTS:
Mummies discovered worldwide become one of the most invaluable resources for studying on health and disease status of human populations in different time and space perspectives. Using the mummies and relating samples, invaluable information could be obtained successfully, by a variety of scientific techniques. However, they are not only the subject we could talk about mummies. Rather, very unique remains could be acquired from the sites where mummies have been discovered. Of them, it is the ancient textiles that get the most attention. In fact, different kinds of textiles used for clothing, ornament or simple patches could be collected from mummies discovered in the world. By studying on them, we can get very crucial clue for reconstructing textile history in each country, very he…

From autopsy to diagnostic imaging and metagenomics: guidelines

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I am glad that my symposium "From autopsy to diagnostic imaging and metagenomics: guidelines" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZERS:
Frank Ruehli, Raffaella Bianucci, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Bioethical guidelines in mummy research imposed scholars to avoid unnecessary damages to ancient people corpses. Therefore, in the past two decades, mummy professionals resorted mainly to the use of non-invasive techniques; these enable to verify the state of preservation of the internal cavities, without harming the bodily integrity, and to propose a series of differential diagnoses. Despite the undeniable advantages, also non-invasive techniques have their drawbacks. CT imaging does not always allow one to perform a clear differentiation between mummified organs, particularly when these are seriously deformed and dislocated by dehydration. Dehydrated organs display similarities in radio-densities, which, in turn, may lead to misdi…

Ancient bodies: the interplay between ancient culture, spiritual beliefs and mummification

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My symposium "Ancient bodies: the interplay between ancient culture, spiritual beliefs and mummification" was accepted by the Scientific Committee of the 9 World Congress on Mummy Studies.

ORGANIZER:
Raffaella Bianucci, Despina Moissidou, Dong Hoon Shin

ABSTRACT:
Mummification implies the intention to preserve the dead’s features. Scholars have extensively focused their attention on the environmental conditions and embalming practices- that allowed the process of mummification to occur- and to the study of the ancient pathological conditions and life habits. A broad scientific knowledge has been acquired. On the other hand, the interplay between past populations- witnessed by their mummified bodies- and their afterlife world has been less investigated. Apart from the Egyptian civilisation that has received much attention over the past 200 years, the cultural contexts and the spiritual needs of past populations to maintain their ancestors’ identities have been investigated to …

NGS Professional Grantee Lecture

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I will present NGS Professional Grantee Lecture in
Young Explorer Grant Seminar of National Geographic Foundation in Asia.

15:00 – 15:30
Registration and coffee/tea
15:40 – 15:45
Introduction
15:45 – 15:55
Introduction on National Geographic
16:55 – 16:15
NGS Professional Grantee Lecture by Dong Hoon Shin
16:15 – 16:30
Introduction on Young Explorer Grants Program
16:30 – 16:40
Break and coffee/tea
16:40 – 17:00
NGS Speaker - YEG Grantee Noori Choi
17:00 – 17:20
NGS Speaker - YEG Grantee Amael Borzee
17:20 – 17:50
Question & Answer session
17:50 - 18:00
Wrap up

Date:
May 23, 2016

Venue:
Shinsegae Building Room B101, Ewha Womans University

Supporting the Joint Project on Megalith Culture

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Before the megalith in India 
My lab will support the Joint Project on "Revealing the Similarities and Differences of Megalith Culture in Korea and India" led by Kanti Pawar (Deccan College/India) and Soon Chul Cha (Dongguk Institute of Cultural Properties/South Korea). During the project, we will summarize the previous reports on human and animal bones from megalith culture sites of both countries, and will perform scientific studies when the organic materials would be collected from the sites. 

Below is the research abstract of the Joint Project. 

Megaliths and Megalithism are world phenomenon existed in the different time period and cultural epoch. They are evidenced in different parts of the world but their architecture, cultural associations and chronology differ. In Europe the Megalithism are associated with the Neolithic period whereas in South Asia it has been associated with the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age respectively.
Bewildering types of the megaliths burials h…

Research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis

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My morphological research work on Frankish Queen Arnegundis will be podium-presented by my friend Dr. Raffaella Bianucci :

PODIUM PRESENTATION

EMBALMED OR NOT EMBALMED? NEW SET OF ANALYSES ON THE FRANKISH QUEEN ARNEGUNDIS

Bianucci R. 1,2, Heron C. 3, Lim D.S.4, Kay G.L.5, Pallen M.J.5, Gallien V.6,7, Périn P. 8, Shin D.H. 9 and A. Lanzirotti10

1Department of Public Health and Paediatric Sciences, Legal Medicine Section, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. E-mail: raffaella.bianucci@unito.it ; 2UMR 7268, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Etique & Santé (Adés), Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.3School of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Road, Bradford, West Yorshire, BD7 1D, United Kingdom.4 Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, South Korea.5Division of Microbiology and Infection, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. 6INRAP, Centre Archéologique, Le Mans, France.…

My lab woks committed to the popular books

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The studies of my lab was committed to the popular books about parasitism in S Korea and Joseon tombs in archaeological sites of this country. The past achievements of my lab were summarized briefly in the books.
우리 몸의 기생충 적인가 친구인가.. 채종일 저 
조선시대 사대부 무덤 이야기 김우림 저