Friday, January 31, 2014

Paleopathology Session of SEAA6

Paleopathology Session would be held in Sixth Worldwide Conference of the Society for East Asian Archaeology (June 6-10, 2014, Ulaanbaatar, Monolia)

Title of Session: New Perspectives of Paleopathology in East Joanna Rogóż
Organizers: Hisshi Fujita, Shin DH and Erdene M

1. Hisashi Fujita (Japan)
Paleohealth of Jomon peoples in Japan from the prevalence of Cribra Orbitalia

2. E. MIJIDDORJ (Mongolia)
Bioarchaeological research of Salkhit site in Northern Mongolia

3. Shiori Fujisawa (Japan) 
Paleopathological study on the skeletal remains of Edo period in Japan

4. Erdene Myagmar (Mongolia)
Dental pathologies in the Bronze Age populations from Mongolia

5. Woo Eun Jin (Korea)
A case of dwarfism from the Joseon Dynasty, South Korea

6. Kim Myeung Ju and Dong Hoon Shin (Korea)
Paleopathological Studies on Korean Human Remains excavated from 17th Century Lime-Soil Mixture Barrier (LSMB) Tomb

7. Lee won-Joon (Korea)
Craniofacial reconstruction from a skull of young female in Neolithic age of Mongolia

Sunday, January 26, 2014

Paleopathology Session in IPPA meeting

Paleopathology Session in IPPA meeting

Our presentation 

Speakers of the session: me, Li, Woo, Fujita, Oxenham (Drs.)

Paleopathology in Asia session was held in Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Meeting, Cambodia (Jan 12 - Jan 18, 2014, Siem Reap). Three paleopathologists (I, Dr. Fujita of Japan, Dr. Oxenham of Austrailia) do the chairperson roles of this session. 5 articles were presented for this session.

Wine is very cheap in Cambodia

The scene like Tomb Raider..

Other mountain temple of Angkor. 

About the sanitary status of Ancient Khmer Empire?

There were vast areas of water reservoirs or wet lands around Angkor area of ancient Khmer Empire. The structures or areas might have a role in flood control or irrigation etc. during the period. They must have been beneficial to ancient Angkor people. But as so often, it could have also done harm to human health of the time. Vast areas of water reservoirs in one-million people living "ancient metropolitan" could have induced various infectious diseases among the people in the same area. This would be very interesting subject to me,.... because I already make a similar study on the ancient Korean society.

Neak Pean in Baray

 Not so clean in this case (Baray around Neak Pean)

Standstill (Baray around Neak Pean)

Siem Reap river. 
The river flew into the vast areas of reservoirs in Angkor area during rainy season.

About other information on Cambodia, Angkor Wat, and Khmer Empire...

Sampling in Rakhigarhi Site Begins

On Jan to Feb, 2014, new collaboration with Deccan College begins. Jong Ha Hong, the graduate student of my lab will stay in Rakhigarhi site, India on Jan 25 to Feb 14. During the period, he, along with Yongjun Kim, would excavate the tombs of the area; and would collect the samples from the site. We would do anthropological, paleoparasitological and molecular studies on the samples, revealing the invaluable clues for health and disease status of human population of Harappan culture, one of the oldest civilization of mankind. I also would join the excavation during the period; and will join in the 5th International Congress Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA).

Jong Ha Hong, the student of my lab, enjoys chai

Searching for the geological strata 

 Rakhigarhi site...excavation by Hong

Hong excavate the site 

Rakhigarhi site 

Rakhigarhi site 

Rakhigarhi site 

 Going home (Courtesy of YJ Kim)

 THE Rakhigarhi site (Courtesy of YJ Kim)

Residence archaeologists stay

Happy meal (Jan 30, 2014)

Excavation site in fog (Jan 30, 2014)

Saturday, January 11, 2014

Paleoparasitology of My Lab

There were many civilizations in a history of mankind. Each civilization eager to survive under different environmental conditions. Especially as for the highly-populated area like big cities of kingdoms and empires, they always stood at the crossroad of survival. They always faced serious problems of public hygiene because many people lived in narrow districts of the cities where modern concept of . To maintain large numbers of people, they tried to develop an effective product machine for sufficient calories and nutrients. Different kinds of disasters e.g. (droughts and floods) always threatened the existence of human beings in the cities. Great civilizations always tried to overcome the challenge of mother nature; and in many cases, it was successful. However, the survival of big cities in pre-modern age was not fulfilled for free. It costs them much expense: increasing risk of parasite infection among city-dwellers in those days.

E2015-6. Myeung Ju Kim, Min Seo, Chang Seok Oh, Jong Yil Chai, Jinju Lee, Gab-jin Kim, Won Young Ma, Soon Jo Choi, Karl Reinhard, Adauto Araujo, Dong Hoon Shin. The paleoparasitological study on the archaeological samples from prehistoric and ancient shell‐midden sites of Korea. Quarternary International (in press)

E2015-7. Chang Seok Oh, Min Seo, Jong Ha Hong, Jong Yil Chai, Seung Whan Oh, Jun Bum Park, Dong Hoon Shin, Ancient Mitochondrial DNA Analyses of Ascaris Eggs Discovered in Coprolites from Joseon Tomb. Korean Journal of Parasitology 2015;53(2):237-242

E2015-11. Dong Hoon Shin, Sang-Yuck Shim, Hoon Jin Jeong, Myeung Ju Kim, Mi-Hyun Lee, Ka Young Kim, In Hak Lee, Gyongtaek Kim, Jong Yil Chai, Chang Seok Oh, Min Seo. A paleoparasitological study on the capital area of the ancient Korean Kingdom. Journal of Parasitology (in press)

E2014-1. Seo M, Oh CS, Chai J-Y, Jeong MS, Hong SW, Seo Y-M, Shin DH. The Changing Pattern of Parasitic Infection among Korean Populations by Paleoparasitological Study of Joseon Dynasty Mummies. Journal of Parasitology 2014 Feb;100(1):147-50.

E2014-4. Min Seo, Adauto Araujo, Karl Reinhard, Jong Yil Chae and Dong Hoon Shin. Paleoparasitological studies on Joseon people of Korea. Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol. 52, No. 3: 235-242, June 2014

E2014-9. Dong Hoon Shin, Sang-Yuck Shim, Myeung Ju Kim, Chang Seok Oh, Mi-Hyun Lee, Suk Bae Jung, Geon Il Lee, Jong Yil Chai, and Min Seo. V-shaped Pits in Regions of Ancient Baekje Kingdom Paleoparasitologically Confirmed as Likely Human-Waste Reservoirs. Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol. 52, No. 5: 569-573, October 2014

E2014-11. Myeung Ju Kim, Ho Chul Ki, Shiduck Kim, Jong Yil Chai, Min Seo, Chang Seok Oh and Dong Hoon Shin. Parasitic infection patterns as correlated with urban-rural recycling of night soils in Korea and other East Asian countries: the archaeological and historical evidence. Korean Studies 38: 51–74

E2013-2. Shin DH, Oh CS, Lee HJ, Chai JY, Lee SJ, Hong D-W, Lee SD, Seo M. Ancient DNA analysis on Clonorchis sinensis eggs remained in samples from medieval Korean mummy, Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (2013) 211-216.

E2013-5. Shin DH, Oh CS, Shin YM, Cho CW, Seo M. The pattern of ancient parasite egg contamination in the private residence, alley, ditch and streambed soils of old Seoul City, the capital of Joseon dynasty. International Journal of Paleopathology 3 (2013) 208–213.

E2013-9. Myeong-Ju Kim, Dong-Hoon Shin, Mi-Jin Song, Hye-Young Song, Min Seo. Paleoparasitological survey for the detection of helminth eggs in archaeological sites of Jeolla-do and Jeju-do. Korean Journal of Parasitology. Vol. 51, No. 4: 489-492, August 2013.

E2012-3. Shin DH, Oh CS, Chai JY, Ji MJ, Lee HJ, Seo M. Sixteenth Century Gymnophalodes seoi Infection on the Coast of the Korean Penninsula. J Parasitol. 2012 Dec;98(6):1283-6. doi: 10.1645/GE-2920.1. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

E2012-4. Shin DH, Oh CS, Lee SJ, Lee E-J, Yim SG, Kim MJ, Kim Y-S, Lee SD, Lee YS, Seo M. Ectopic paragonimiasis from 400 year old female mummy of Korea. Journal of Archaeological Science Volume 39, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 1103–1110.

E2011-2. Shin DH, Oh CS, Chai J-Y, Lee H-J and Seo M. Enterobius vermicularis Eggs Discovered in Coprolites from a Medieval Korean Mummy. Korean J Parasitol Vol. 49, No. 3: 323-326, September 2011.

E2011-3. Lee H-J, Shin DH and Seo M. Discovery of Taeniid Eggs from A 17th Century Tomb in Korea. Korean J Parasitol Vol. 49, No. 3: 327-329, September 2011.

E2011-4. Shin DH, Oh CS, Lee SJ, Chai JY, Kim J, Lee SD, Park JB, Choi I-H, Lee HJ, Seo M. Paleo-parasitological study on the soils collected from archaeological sites in old district of Seoul City. Journal of Archaeological Science 38 (2011) 3555-3559.

E2010-4. Oh CS, Seo M, Chai JY, Lee SJ, Kim MJ, Park JB and Shin DH. 2010. Amplification and sequencing of Trichuris trichiura ancient DNA extracted from archaeological sediments. Journal of Archaeological Science. 37 (6): 1269-1273. 

E2010-5. Oh CS, Seo M, Lim NJ, Lee SJ, Lee EJ, Lee SD, Shin DH. 2010. Paleoparasitological report on Ascaris aDNA from an ancient East Asian sample. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 105 (2): 225-228.

E2010-8. Seo M, Oh CS, Chai JY, Lee SJ, Park JB, Lee BH, Park JH, Cho GH, Hong DW, Park HU, Shin DH. 2010. The influence of differential burial preservation on the recovery of parasite eggs in soil samples from Korean medieval tombs. J Parasitol. 96 (2): 366-370.

E2009-1. Lee IS, Lee EJ, Park JB, Baek SH, Oh CS, Lee SD, Kim YS, Bok GD, Hong JW, Lim DS, Shin MH, Seo M, Shin DH. 2009. Acute traumatic death of a 17th century general based on examination of mummified remains found in Korea. Ann Anat. Jun;191(3):309-20. Epub 2009 Mar 11.

E2009-2. Shin DH, Lim DS, Choi KJ, Oh CS, Kim MJ, Lee IS, Kim SB, Shin JE, Bok GD, Chai JY, Seo M. 2009. Scanning electron microscope study of ancient parasite eggs recovered from Korean mummies of the Joseon Dynasty. J Parasitol. Feb;95(1):137-45. 

E2009-3. Shin DH, Chai JY, Park EA, Lee W, Lee H, Lee JS, Choi YM, Koh BJ, Park JB, Oh CS, Bok GD, Kim WL, Lee E, Lee EJ, Seo M. 2009. Finding ancient parasite larvae in a sample from a male living in late 17th century Korea. J Parasitol. Jun;95(3):768-71.

E2009-6. Shin DH, Oh CS, Chung T, Yi YS, Chai JY, Seo M. 2009. Detection of parasite eggs from a moat encircling the royal palace of Silla, the ancient Korean Kingdom. Journal of Archaeological Science. 36(11):2534-2539.

E2008-2. Seo M, Shin DH, Guk SM, Oh CS, Lee EJ, Shin MH, Kim MJ, Lee SD, Kim YS, Yi YS, Spigelman M, Chai JY. 2008. Gymnophalloides seoi eggs from the stool of a 17th century female mummy found in Hadong, Republic of Korea. J Parasitol. Apr;94(2):467-72. (SCI)

E2007-3. Seo M, Guk SM, Kim J, Chai JY, Bok GD, Park SS, Oh CS, Kim MJ, Yil YS, Shin MH, Kang IU, Shin DH. 2007. Paleoparasitological report on the stool from a Medieval child mummy in Yangju, Korea. J Parasitol. Jun;93(3):589-92.

E2006-1. Kim MJ, Park SS, Bok GD, Choi YH, Lee IS, Shin KJ, Han GR, Youn M, Han SH, Kang IW, Chang BS, Cho YJ, Chung YH and Shin DH. Medieval mummy from Yangju. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia. 2006. 28(1) 122-129.

B2015-1. Seo M and Shin DH. Parasitism, cesspits and sanitation in East Asian countries prior to modernization. In: Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations, edited by Piers D. Mitchell. 2015. Farnham: Ashgate 

B2011-2. Seo M, Oh CS and Shin DH. Parasite Eggs found in Korean Mummies. Yearbook of Mummy Studies, Vol. 1, pp. 75-81, June 2011. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Scientific publisher, Munchen, Germany.

K2014-4. 기호철, 신동훈, 서민, 채종일. 조선시대 흡충류 감염 기전에 대한 고찰. 대한의사협회지 2014; 57(10): 866-875.

K2013-1. 기호철, 배재훈, 신동훈. 조선후기 한양 도성 내 토양매개성 기생충 감염 원인에 대한 역사 문헌학적 고찰. 의사학 2013; 22: 89-132.

Saturday, January 4, 2014

My Abstract Submitted to SOSAA Meeting

Archaeoparasitological Studies in Asia

Dong Hoon Shin

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea

Archaeoparasitology is an interdisciplinary scientific study on archaeologically obtained samples, revealing the sanitary condition of the past by studies on parasite infection pattern of the time. For the past several decades, by conventional biological or molecular techniques, many scientific information useful for revealing health and disease conditions could be elucidated by paleoparasitologists worldwide. In Korea, mummies of Joseon Dynasty have been very significant for concerned researches because of their superb preservation status ideal for paleoparasitological examinations. For the past several years, studies on Korean mummies therefore enabled us to presume parasite infection pattern in Joseon society in a much detail. However, though pioneering studies already showed remarkable archaeoloparasitological findings using the samples around the world, the same studies had not been performed sufficiently yet in Asia. In this presentation, to see the prospect of the same scientific field in Asia, the brief history of archaeoparasitology would be summarized; and the current studies in the area would be discussed more, based upon the cases already reported to concerned academics. By this presentation, we believe that in very near future, archaeoparasitology will also play a crucial role in comprehending the lives of ancient and medieval people by archaeological data.

*This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2013R1A1A2009688)

Wednesday, January 1, 2014

We will join the investigation into Rakhigarhi site (India) on Jan-Feb, 2014

With the collaboration of Deccan College India, we will join the investigation into Rakhigarhi site of India, one of the greatest sites ever discovered in Harappan Civilization.

Under the auspices of Dr. Vasant Shinde, we will do paleoparasitological, ancient DNA and stable isotope analysis on the samples from the site. We will also collaborate with Dr. Veena Mushrif, the anthropologist in Deccan College.

Where is the Rakhigarhi Site?

What is the Rakhigarhi Site?

Who would be my counterpart in collaboration with India?

Dr. Vasant Shinde

Dr. Veena Mushrif