Anthropol. Anz. 71/4 (2014), pp. 469–488 Article
J. Biol. Clinic. Anthropol. Stuttgart, November, 2014 www.schweizerbart.de
Making an animal model for Korean mummy studies
Chang Seok Oh and Dong Hoon Shin
The recent findings of a series of thorough investigations into Korean mummies notwithstanding, many questions on the exact mechanism of the mummification process remain. For the purposes of a more comprehensive understanding of this mechanism, we employed an animal model involving Sprague-Dawley rats and miniature lime-soil-mixture barrier (LSMB)-surrounded Joseon tombs constructed in our lab. The results showed that long-duration burial in these LSMB tombs successfully induced animal mummification. Indeed, our gross and microscopic examinations confirmed that the rats were perfectly mummified in the manner of actual Korean mummies dating to the Joseon period. In light of the fact that the extent of mummification was not remarkable in other miniature tombs without LSMB, it seemed that the LSMB is somehow closely correlated with mummification in Korea. In the future, use of the present animal models and miniature tombs no doubt will experimentally verify the many possible factors operative in the specific mechanism of mummification in Korea.
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Date: May 23-24, 2019 Venue: Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju Island, South Korea Organizing Committee: Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University) Myeung Ju Kim (Dankook University) Yuryang Jang (MND Agency for KIA Recovery & Identification) Eun Jin Woo (Sejong University) Scientific Committee: Soong Deok Lee (Seoul National University) Sunyoung Pak (Seoul National University) Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University) Hisashi Fujita (Niigata College of Nursing) Shinji Harihara (The University of Tokyo) Toshiyuki Tsurumoto (Nagasaki University) ▶ May 23, 2019 15:30 ~ 17:00 Korea-Japan Paleopathology Forum 2019 This forum was held in conjunction with The Annual Meeting of Korean Association of Physical Anthropologists 2019.
Our paper, " Ancient mitochondrial DNA analysis of avian bones collected from the 4th century pit burial found in South Korea " is published in Archaeological Research in Asia. Pheasant is a bird commonly interred in the ancient graves of Korea. The avian bones collected during excavation are sometimes too small to be used for morphological species identification. Since ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis becomes widely used nowadays for molecular diagnosis, we carried out aDNA research on the 4th century avian femurs (K-14 and K-15) for which the species could not be confirmed by conventional zooarchaeological technique. In this study, we revealed that the mitotypes of the current ancient specimens were almost identical to those of modern genus Phasianus DNAs reported in NCBI/GenBank, re-confirming the usefulness of the genetic analysis on genus Phasianus bones when the species identification of the ancient avian bones found at archaeological sites is in a dispute.