Tuesday, December 29, 2009

Graduate School

Classes and Courses

Archaeological Education
Archaeological Education

Medical Science: Basis for Anthropology
801.101A Human Anatomy
801.112A Pathology
801.205A Parasitology
801.2301 Medical Terminology
801.503 Experimental Techniques 1
801.501 Research Methodology in Medicine
801.798 Seminar in Histology
801.511 Advanced Anatomy of the Nervous System
801.3311 의학입문자를 위한 우리몸의 구조이해

Statistics
801.502 Medical Statistics
801.2502 SSPS-applied basic statistics

Physical Anthropology and Paleopathology
801.2608 Recent Progress in Ancient DNA Study
801.2607 Recent Progress in Paleopathology
801.2403 Topics in the Research of Physical Anthropology

Lectures on Forensic Anthropology
801.724 Forensic Traumatology
801.722 Practice of Legal Autopsy
801.721 Methods of Postmortem Examination
801.723 Mechanism of Death
801.851 Forensic Genetics 1
801.852 Forensic Genetics 2
801.2405 Introduction to Forensic Science 1

Textbooks

Genetics and aDNA analysis
Forensic DNA Typing by Butler JM
Genes IX by Lewin B
Molecular cloning by Sambrook J

Osteology
The Human Bone Manual by White TM and Folkens PA
Archaeology of Human Bones by S Mays
Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains by Ortner DJ
Forensic Anthropology Training Manual by Burns KR
Forensic Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and Practice by Komar D and Buikstra J

Histology (801.798 Seminar in Histology)
Histology: A Text and Atlas by Ross MH
Manual for Seminars in History by SNU Dept Anatomy

Paleopathology: Medical Perspective
Robbins Basic Pathology by Kumar V
Emerging Pathogens by Greenblatt C and Spigelman M
Medical Microbiology and Immunology by Levinson WE and Jawetz E

Mummy Studies
The Scientific Study of Mummies by Aufderheide A.

Seminar for Histology


Graduate students in my lab can study the basic histology helpful for interpreting the histological sections from various anthropological samples. The human histology samples could be observed with light microscope.

Academic Year 2010

Class Hours: AM 11:00-11:40 (Fri)
Location: ANATOMY ROOM #212
Credit: 3

Day 1: Feb 24: Cytoplasmic organelles
Day 2: Mar 3: Epithelium
Day 3: Mar 10: Glands
Day 4: Mar 17: Connective Tissue
Day 5: Mar 24: Blood
Day 6: Mar 31: Bone, Cartilage and Muscle
Day 7: Apr 7: Nervous Tissue
Day 8: Apr 14: Blood vessels
Day 9: Apr 21: Respiratory System
Day 10: Apr 28: Urinary System
Day 11: May 12: Digestive System I
Day 12: May 19: Digestive System II
Day 13: May 26: Digestive System III
Day 14: June 2: Reproductuve System
Day 15: June 9: Skin
Day 16: June 16: Special Sensory Organs
Day 17: June 23: Endicrine System

Monday, December 28, 2009

Topics in Research of Physical Anthropology

2010: "Evolution of Infectious Diseases"


OBJECTIVE: To understand the current trends in studies on paleomicrobiology, mainly laying focus on ancient DNA analysis.

LECTURE in ACADEMIC YEAR 2010
Class Hours: AM 9:00-10:00 (Thu) for every lecture except for May 13 (PM 7:00-8:00); and May 21 (PM 1:00-5:00)
Location: ANATOMY ROOM #212
Credit: 3


SCHEDULE


Day 1: Mar 18, 2010 Chapter 1 (Handout)
*Margulis L, Dolan MF, Guerrero R. The chimeric eukaryote: origin of the nucleus from the karyomastigont in amitochondriate protists. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 20;97(13):6954-9. (for understanding infection and symbiosis in cell evolution)
Day 2: Mar 25, 2010 Chapter 2 to 4 (Handout)
Day 3: Apr 1, 2010: Review of Mycobacterium infection in ancient population (by Oh CS)
*Donoghue HD et al. Tuberculosis: from prehistory to Robert Koch, as revealed by ancient DNA. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Sep;4(9):584-92.


Day 4: Apr 15, 2010: Chapters 12 and 15 (by Oh CS)
Day 5: Apri 22, 2010: Chapters 6 and 7
Day 6: Apr 29, 2010: Chapters 8 and 9
Day 7: May 6, 2010: Chapters 10 and 11


Day 8: May 13, 2010: Special lecture: "Tomb of Akeldema and the shroud of Jerusalem" by Dr. Mark Spigelman (Editor/author of the textbook, Israel)


Day 9: May 21, 2010: Special lectures on paleoanthropology in 18th Federation Meeting of Korean Basic Medical Scientists


Day 10: June 3, 2010: Chapters 13 and 14
Day 11: June 10, 2010: Chapters 16 and 17


SELECTED PAPERS

Saturday, December 26, 2009

Origin of the Cattle: the Scientific Basis

This was one of my research subject on which I hoped to do study for a long time.
Before industrialization began, Asian people had lived for a long time, while firmly rooting into agriculture-based society. Based upon it, many great ancient civilizations flourished. In fact, there are many components needed for building such an agricultural society. Agrarians need different species of crops and domesticated animals. And those "components" have different origins in history. Before worldwide spread, some were cultivated first in Mesopotamia while the other were domesticated for the first time in China. Using the components as building blocks, each agricultural society could be formed, survived and flourished. However, as for the exact origin and spread of such components in history, there are too many thing to be revealed, especially by scientific research techniques.

Bos indicus in India

Bos indicus in India

Relating Articles of My Lab: 

한국소의 기원과 변천에 대한 학제간 연구의 필요성


동아시아 소 미토콘드리아 DNA의 특징


신동훈 석사학위논문(방송대): 미토콘드리아 DNA D-loop 유전 정보 서열에 대한 계층적 군집화 분석에 의한 동아시아 소의 계통 연구

Joseon Dynasty Human Sample Collection

To understand our Joseon Dynasty Human Sample Collection (JDHSC), you should understand first the tombs encapsulated by lime-soil mixture barrier (LSMB tombs) which were constructed during medieval Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392-1910).

In Korea, the preservation status of human remains in archaeological sites is not so good; thus, anthropologists have difficulties in performing the studies on the ancient bones or soft tissues. However, human remains found in LSMB tombs were much better than those from other types of ancient tombs. In some cases, the preservation status of human bodies is so perfect that

Paleoradiology

Wednesday, December 23, 2009

aDNA Sequences from my Lab

Trichuris trichiura

1. 20091218 Tri_SSrRNA.sqn  : Trichuris_SSrRNA GU339222 (By Oh CS) *Published in JAS:  "Amplification and sequencing of Trichuris trichiura ancient DNA extracted from archaeological sediments"

Ascaris lumbricoides

1. 20091218 AS-18S.sqn : 18S_rRNA(Ascaris) GU339223 (By Oh CS)
2. 20091218 Ascaris_cytb.sqn : Ascaris_cytb GU339224 (By Oh CS)

Human mtDNA
Ht, haplotype; Hg, haplogroup; JD, Joseon Dynasty

For Ancient Korean Samples

Human autosomal STR

Friday, December 18, 2009

2012 KAPO Winter Meeting


2012 KAPO Winter Meeting


Date: Jan 14, 2012 (Sat)
Venue: National Museum of Korea


KAPO members
 Dr. Ki Dong Bae for plenary lecture
 MJ Kim 
 CS Oh
 SR Min
SD Lee, the president of KAPO
 DH Shin
 JY Shin, on stable isotope
 KJ Shin, on ancient DNA

Monday, December 14, 2009

IRB Approval of Our Ancient DNA Work

To show the authenticity of our aDNA results, we should compare the sequences or profiles from ancient samples with those of participants in our studies. The genetic analysis on the participants was approved by Institutional Review Board of SNUH.


Saturday, December 12, 2009

Report in Chosun Ilbo



Interview on Korean mummy studies was reported in Chosun Ilbo, the Korean newspaper, on Dec 12, 2009.

To see the article, click here.

Thursday, December 10, 2009

Sampling in Construction Site of New Seoul City Hall

Oh CS and Lee SJ did the paleo-parasitological sampling at construction site of new Seoul City Hall. Many constructions have been nowadays planned and performed in areas of Seoul Metropolitan City, making the streets or buildings in the city renovated. Abide by  a law in Korea, archaeological investigation should be done before contruction/renovation begins; therefore, during the investigation, soils from geological strata could be sampled by us, for paleo-parasitological examinations. Below is another case for such a parasitological sampling performed in Seoul Metropolitan City area.

Date: Dec 10, 2009
Sampled by Oh CS and Lee SJ
Location: Construction site for New Seoul City Hall
Archaeologists involved: Hangang Institute of Cultural Heritages
Obtained samples: 14th-19th century soils precipitated in each geologic strata

Tuesday, December 8, 2009

Vietnam Meeting

Oh CS partipated in 19th Congress of the The Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association (IPPA) held in Vietnam (Nov 29 to Dec 5, 2009).

Below is the abstract presented by Oh CS.

C22. ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCES IN KOREA

Shin, Dong Hoon, Paleopathology lab, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea drdoogi@snu.ac.kr

For several years, our interdisciplinary research team, including specialists in anthropology, paleo-parasitology, paleo-pathology, radiology and molecular bioarchaeology, have examined specimens collected from archaeological sites in Korea. When samples were discovered during archaeological excavations, archaeologists and researchers from our team cooperated to minimize contamination of specimens by modern contaminants (i.e. modern DNA etc.). We then examined them under sterile conditions in our lab, and selected samples ideal for biological studies. Using these samples, which are maintained in our Human Sample Collection, information helpful for understanding the lives and diseases of ancient or medieval people in Korean society was obtained. Briefly, we identified the parasite infection prevalence of Korean people in the past, through examination of the soil samples from archaeological sites. Our aDNA research team was also successful in sequencing aDNA from pathogens (i.e. viruses) of humans found in the archaeological sites. Radiological studies were also undertaken on skeletal or mummy samples, for clues of ancient diseases of the subjects, while minimizing serious damage to them. Our studies, aiming to elucidate scientific clues useful for interpreting archaeological sites in Korea, are strengthened by the collaboration between researchers from different specialties.

This session will present results from the research of the following researchers:
Oh, Chang Seok (Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea)
Bok, Gi Dae (Department of Korean History, University of Brain Education, Korea)
Park, Jun Bum (Hangang Institute of Cultural Heritage)
Lee, Soong Deok (Department of Forensic Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea)
Kim, Yi-Suk (Ewha Womans University, Korea)
Kim, Myeung Ju (Department of Anatomy, Dankook University, Korea)
Seo, Min (Department of Parasitology, Dankook University, Korea )



Monday, December 7, 2009

Chang Seok Oh



HE is a graduate student (PhD candidate) of my lab. After he studied Biology in undergraduate, started his carrier as a bioarchaeologist. He is a kind of SUPERMAN, doing everything needed for biological experiments. Every morphological or molecular works in my lab should pass through his hands because there is nobody doing the works on behehalf of him (Haha). He is a very hard-working guy, even sleeping in the lab until he could get authentic results from ancient samples. I believe, he could become one of the leading researchers in the field of bioarchaeology of Korea. E-mail to him


Happy to eat Gelato (Rome, Italy)


Before sampling (Seoul, Korea)